As part of its oversight function and to make an informed decision on matters of peace and security, the Parliament undertakes fact-finding missions to areas of conflict and places with human rights and humanitarian challenges.

Between 2006 and 2019, the Parliament has carried out fact-finding missions on peace, security and conflicts in the areas of the Great Lakes, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Darfur in the Sudan, Central African Republic, Chad, Saharawi Arab Democratic Republic, Mali, Libya, South Sudan, Burundi and Niger.

In 2010, the Parliament undertook a fact-finding mission to Sierra Leone to gather information on the operations of the Special Tribunal set up jointly by the Government of Sierra Leone and the United Nations to try cases of violations of international humanitarian law and Sierra Leonean law committed in the country from 30 November 1996.

The Parliament in 2011 undertook fact-finding missions to Tunisia following the revolution and to Libya to assess the peace and security situation after the unrest that spread from eastern Libya to other parts of the country.

The Parliament went on ground in 2011 to Ivory Coast to assess the political situation. In the same year, the Parliament undertook a fact-finding mission to Saharawi Arab Democratic Republic on decolonization of Western Sahara.

In December of 2019, The Committee on Cooperation, International Relations and Conflict Resolution undertook a fact-finding mission to Niger to understand the impact of climate change on security in the Sahel region, especially with the rise in terrorism in the area.

Details of all fact-finding missions are discussed in Plenary and decisions made by the Parliament during the debate are captured in Resolutions and Recommendations which is presented at the AU Summit.